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Teeth And Mouth Care


We all envy a flawless and beautiful smile. You have often admired people with great teeth that look like sparkling jewels. One of the primary parts of our body is the mouth. Personal hygiene should be of utmost importance. Some people are gifted with sparkling milk white teeth while some have to put in an enormous effort to maintain what we call a perfect set of 32. With proper hygiene and good care of the gums, we can avoid tooth decay and various gum diseases so that they remain healthy throughout your life.

Structure Of Teeth: During our lifetime, we develop two sets of teeth. One is the Primary Set which is ordinarily known as baby teeth or milk teeth. During childhood, the baby teeth fall off one at a time and are replaced by Permanent Dentures. The primary teeth are 20 in number and the permanent teeth are 32, which is normal in every person. In an adult, from each quarter of a circle from the midline, there are 2 incisors, canine,canine, premolar and 3 molars. Now each tooth has a crown and it may have more than one root. The crown varies in appearance and does not look the same as it depends on its function It is a portion of the tooth. The roots are contained within the bony socket of the tooth and it is attached to the bony socket by the periodontal fibers. The tooth is made up of dentine and the crown is covered by a layer of enamel. Since the enamel is the hardest part of the tooth and helps protect it. The tooth has a hollow and in this pulp is the nerves and the blood vessels.

How To Take Care Of Your Teeth And Gums:
Regular maintenance of teeth and mouth is of primary importance to keep it healthy. You have to follow few steps for this. Below are some tips which will help you to maintain a good set of teeth.
1. Brushing: First of all, brushing of the teeth at least twice a day is very important in order to remove the plaque, a film of bacteria, which is commonly known as “lactobacilli”, without damaging the teeth and gums so it should be done in a methodical way. Use the brush across the teeth in a circular motion. The toothbrush should not be pressed hard against the teeth and gums cause that might start the gums to bleed. If it is possible, brush after every meal. A proper toothbrush should be used which is angulated at the tip. The main idea is to reach the crevices and every hidden corner of the mouth. A very hard brush will destroy the enamel of the teeth and damage the gums, so it is very necessary that the right toothbrush is used. Using a soft toothbrush is most advisable. Keep moving the brush in small circular motions from back to front, sideways,up and down, if necessary, brush each tooth one at a time. Give your tongue a few strokes of the brush from back to front, that will remove the bacteria and will freshen your breath. Continue brushing for 4 to 5 minutes. When brushing is over, it would be advisable to use a mouthwash liquid, it will keep the breath fresh. For best results, the toothbrush should be changed every one month or maybe 6 weeks at the most. Nylon bristles are most superior in quality and hygienic.
2. Remove Plaque: There are certain areas in the mouth where a toothbrush cant reach, like the hidden corners and in between the teeth. If plague remains in between the teeth and is not cleaned out for sometime, it hardens into tartar, which has to be cleaned and removed by the dentist. To avoid tartar formation, it is best to floss once a day which helps remove plague and food particles stuck in between the teeth. The floss is twisted around the middle fingers of each hand, then it is placed in between the teeth, be careful not to push the floss too hard, or it might injure the gums, causing bleeding. Move the floss up and down against the tooth and around the mouth, whichever way required to make it convenient for you. The used portion of the floss can be used to wrap around the fingers and use the new floss as needed.
3. Dental Check-Ups: To maintain healthy teeth and gums, one must visit the dentist on a regular basis for check-ups and get regular cleaning done. It should be done at an interval of every 6 months. But in the meanwhile, if a problem like toothache, tartar formation, bleeding or swollen gums, etc. occur, then you should not hesitate to visit the dentist. Dental sealant is a material used by the dentist's which acts as a protective layer. It is used to coat the upper layer, that is the chewing surfaces of the teeth. This helps the teeth from getting decayed and last for a long time. If required, the dental sealant can be used for your teeth.
4. Avoid Certain Foods: Eating certain food can effect the condition of the teeth. You should avoid eating excess food that contains starch and sweet. This food increases acid in the mouth and the longer they stay in the mouth, the damage is worse. It is advisable not to binge or snack on starchy and sweet food like rice, breadsticks, dry fruits, pie, potato chips, etc., because when you snack out of your home, it is not possible to brush straight away and then formation of bacteria takes place.

Can Decay Be Avoided By Brushing Teeth:
No, tooth decay cannot be avoided by brushing. Plaque, the film of bacteria, forms back so quickly in the mouth, even after brushing, you would have to keep brushing every hour in a careful manner to get rid of the plaque and that is so impractical. Dental caries is nothing but tooth decay. Since bacteria is already present in the mouth, it disintegrates the hard parts of the teeth and leads to tooth decay. Then carbohydrates and sweet food break down and turn into acidic form and it results in a hole. The affected tooth being attached to the adjoining one get affected too in a matter of time as it is all connected by the roots. The wisdom tooth, known as the third molar, at times does not grown in the proper direction. It is at times pointed towards the gums and grows in an awkward position.Brushing of the molar is difficult then and it leads in decay or extraction. The only successful way to control teeth decay is to cut down on the frequency of eating sugar. Sugar is present in many food products and it is difficult not to consume but a control over it will help. Adequate brushing and flossing will help control the decay of teeth and also plaque from disintegrating the teeth. The thickening of plaque will be controlled too.

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