The key function of a moisturizer is to form a barrier film on the skin's surface to prevent moisture loss. This makes the skin feel softer and smoother. Generally, the drier your skin the thicker the moisturizer you should choose. All skin types need a moisturizer, and one of the most valuable ingredients to look for is a UV filter. This ensures your moisturizer will give your skin year-round protection from the burning rays of the sun.
Water is the key ingredient both within the body as well outside on the skin. Drinking at least 8-10 glasses of water is therefore essential along with lots of fruits and vegetables to replenish the body's water needs. A well hydrated skin is one which has a balanced moisture content and therefore looks plump and fresh and healthy. Moisturizers or humectants attract moisture to the skin's surface and hold it onto the skin surface.
How Do Moisturizers Work:
Moisturizers are cosmetic products which to some extent provide a practical answer to problems of water loss from the skin. Though water is the missing ingredient, in dry skins, application of water alone is not the solution as this has only a temporary effect. Though oil is equally essential (it serves to hold water onto the skin surface), it alone also can't moisturize the skin.
Moisturizers, therefore, combine both water and oil. This not only replaces some of the water lost from the skin, but more importantly prevents its loss to the surroundings.
Moisturizing Do's And Don'ts:
1. Cleanse and Apply moisturizer to damp skin: It is best to apply your moisturizer onto damp skin after a shower or after a thorough cleansing routine. This helps to hold the water onto the skin and prevents evaporation. However, make sure that your face is just damp and not wet before you apply your moisturizing cream or lotion, as moisturizers will slide off a wet skin. If you are using a toner, apply your moisturizer before it completely dries up in order to benefit from the hydrating effect of your toner.
2. Always Moisturize Your Neck Area: Always cleanse your face and neck and moiturise both. Massage your moisturizer in upward strokes so that the skin remains firm and supple along with your facial skin.
3. Let your moisturizer dry before applying your make-up: Wait at least 5 to 10 minutes for the moisturizer to dry before putting on foundation. Alternatively, sweep a dry brush over your face before applying foundation. The same applies when you apply sunscreen to your face.
4. Donít apply moisturizer around your eye area: Eye areas are different and sensitive. Moisturizers may have different reactions and also may cause stinging and puffiness. You can stick to a good eye cream instead.
5. Use a Night cream at night instead of a moisturizer with SPF: It is advisable to avoid moisturizers with SPF at night as they tend to block pores for a long time. Use a night cream instead.
6. Use Moisturizers Meant For Your Skin Type: If you have a sensitive skin its is advisable that you use a moisturizing lotion with no dyes and scents, formulated especially for sensitive skin. For dry skins on the other hand moisturizers containing shea butter or vitamin A, or sunflower oil are recommended. An oily skin prone to acne needs a light oil-free moisturizer with a springwater-based formula as it contains no irritants that can trigger breakouts. Glycerin based moisturizers on the other hand are required for dehydrated skin. A normal to oily to combination skin requires an light non-greasy formula with SPF factor for daytime use.
How Often Should You Use A Moisturizer Regularly:
Ideally you should moisturize your face twice a day. In the morning after cleaning your face and and before applying make-up, you should regularly moisturize your face. If you go out regularly choose a moisturizer with SPF. Otherwise if you have a dry to normal skin use a moisturizer containing Shea Butter. At night you should remove your make up thoroughly and cleanse your face and neck and apply a good moisturizer. If you have a dry skin you can use a night cream.
Types Of Moisturizers