Types Of Skin Toners
This category of skin-care products include cosmetics like skin fresheners, toners and astringents.They basically contain alcohol and water.Glycerine, witch hazel, menthol, camphor, boric acid, rose water and alum are often added.The basic difference in the formula is in the amount of alcohol these products contain.As alcohol has a very drying effect, there is little or none of it in the products intended for dry skin while the products for use on oily skin have a high alcohol content.
These products are used after cleaning the skin(with soap or any other cleanser), though they can be used as interim cleansers as well, as they can remove grime and oils.They freshen and tone up the skin and prepare it for application of make-up.They also restore the acid/alkali balance of the skin, because they are pH balanced.
Despite claims to the contrary, fresheners, toners and astringents do not close pores.As a Matter of fact, no cosmetic product can alter the actual size of the pores.What really happens after using these products is a mild irritation of the skin.This results in swelling of the skin and so the pores appear less prominent.
Types Of Skin Toners:
1.Skin bracers or fresheners: These are the mildest form of toners; they contain virtually no alcohol (0-10%), water, and a humectant such as glycerine. Humectants help to keep the moisture in the upper layers of the epidermis by preventing it from evaporating. A popular example of this is rosewater. These toners are the kindest to skin, and are most suitable for use on dry, dehydrated, sensitive and normal skins.
2.Skin tonics: These are slightly stronger and contain a small quantity of alcohol (up to 20%), water and a humectant ingredient. Orange flower water is an example of a skin tonic. Skin tonics are suitable for use on normal, combination, and oily skin.
3. Astringents:These are the strongest form of toner and contain a high proportion of alcohol (20-60%), antiseptic ingredients, water, and a humectant ingredient. These are commonly recommended for oily skins as they are drying, but note that the removal of oil from the skin can lead to excess oil production as the skin tries to compensate for this and prevent moisture loss. Witch hazel is an example of an astringent. To prevent dehydration, astringent is best applied only to problem areas of skin, such as spots.
Different Toners For Different Skin Types:
1.Normal Skin Toners:
A.Herbal Toners: Mix 1 tbsp fresh herb(Chamomile or Fennel or Rosemary) with 2/3 cups boiled whole milk and cover and refridgerate. Strain and apply on skin with cotton wool as a tonic. This can also be used on dry skin types.
B.Yoghurt And Cucumber Tonic: This refreshing tonic can be prepared by chopping up a small sized fresh cucumber and liquidizing it with half a cup of yoghurt. Apply the mixture for 5-10 minutes, and wash it off. The remainder can be stored on the fridge for future use.
2.Oily Skin Toners:
A.Herbal Toners: Mix 1 tbsp fresh herb(Lemon Balm, Parsley, Chamomile) with 2/3 cups skimmed boiled milk. Cover and refridgerate. Strain and apply on face with cotton wool.
B.Egg, Honey And Lemon Toner: Whisk one egg white until it thickens, then whisk in 1 tsp of honey. Finally add 1 tsp lemon juice. Apply to your face and neck avoiding the delicate eye and lip areas. Leave it on for 10 minutes and wash with warm water.
C.Marigold Skin Tonic: Mix 2 tablespoons of dried flower of 3 handfuls of fresh ones to a pint of water. Now add 2 tablespoons of witch-hazel. It is good especially for a oily and spotty skin.
D.A Refreshing Tonic: Mix 1 cup distilled spirits, 1 cup olive oil, 5 drops almond oil or perfume and use on face and neck as a skin tonic.
E.Rose Water, Olive Oil Toner: For oily skin, dissolve 1 teaspoon borax in 150 ml rose water. Warm 2 tablespoons olive oil and slowly add to the mixture. Beat with an egg whisk until it is thick and creamy. Then add 2 tablespoons of lavender water to it and blend well.
3.Dry Skin Toners:
A.Herbal Toners: Mix 1 tbsp fresh herb(Elderflower) with 2/3 cups boiled whole milk. Cover and refridgerate. Strain and apply on face with cotton wool.
B.Rose Water Tonic: For dry skin use rose water diluted with mineral water. Apply it gently with cotton wool avoiding the eye and upper cheek area completely.
C.Lemon Glycerine Tonic: For a dry skin, combine 2 tablespoons of lemon juice with 1 tablespoon glycerine and 3 tablespoons of rose water. Rub onto the skin.
D.Vitamin E Oil Toner: Vitamin E oil and wheat oil are very effective for dry skin.
4.Combination Skin Toners:
A.Rose Water And Witch Hazel Tonic: Refresh the skin by mixing 2 parts of rose water with one part of witch hazel. Apply to the skin with cotton wool.
5.Sensitive Skin Toners:
A.Strawberry Toner: To obtain a toner for sensitive skin or to calm sunburn, mash strawberries and apply for 5 minutes and then wash it off.
More Natural Toning Recipes